Periodontics is a branch of dentistry that focuses on the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases and conditions that affect the gums, bones, and other supporting structures of the teeth. Periodontists are dental specialists who have completed additional training in this field after earning their dental degree.
The main focus of periodontics is the treatment and management of periodontal disease, also known as gum disease. This disease is caused by bacterial infection in the gums and can lead to inflammation, bleeding, and loss of bone and soft tissue. If left untreated, it can lead to tooth loss.
Some of the common procedures and treatments offered by periodontists include:
Scaling and root planing, which involves removing plaque and tartar from the teeth and smoothing the roots to promote healing of the gums.
Gum surgery, which is used to remove diseased tissue, reshape the gums, and promote the growth of new tissue.
Dental implants, which are used to replace missing teeth and restore the function and appearance of the smile.
Bone grafting, which is used to rebuild lost or damaged jawbone in preparation for dental implants.
Soft tissue grafting, which is used to repair or replace gum tissue that has been lost due to disease or injury.
Periodontics also encompasses the diagnosis and treatment of other oral conditions that affect the gums and soft tissue, such as gingivitis, oral cancer, oral lichen planus and other oral pathologies.
In summary, Periodontics is an important branch of dentistry that aims to prevent, diagnose and treat diseases that affect the gums and supporting structures of the teeth. Periodontists are dental specialists who have the training and expertise to provide advanced care for patients with periodontal disease and other oral conditions.