A gingivectomy is a surgical procedure in which excess gum tissue (gingiva) is removed. This procedure is typically performed by a periodontist, a dental specialist who deals with the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of diseases of the gums and supporting structures of the teeth.
Gingivectomy is typically performed to treat conditions such as:
excessive gum tissue (gingival hyperplasia)
gingival recession, which is the exposure of the roots of the teeth due to a loss of gum tissue
periodontal pockets, which are pockets of infection and inflammation around the teeth caused by gum disease
uneven gums, which can occur due to genetics or an uneven bite
The procedure is usually done under local anesthesia, and may be performed in an outpatient setting. Recovery from the surgery can take several weeks, and patients may experience swelling, pain, and discomfort during this time.
Gingivectomy is a specialized procedure, which must be performed by a trained and experienced periodontist. The procedure also requires a detailed pre-operative assessment, including X-rays and 3D imaging, to plan the procedure and ensure the best outcome. It’s important to note that after surgery, good oral hygiene and regular professional cleaning are necessary to maintain the health of the gums and prevent recurrence of the condition.