Medical Subject Headings (MeSH): Skin Ulcer
A skin ulcer is a painful, open sore on the skin that often takes a long time to heal. There are several causes of skin ulcers, including:
Venous insufficiency: a condition in which blood flow from the legs back to the heart is impaired, leading to swelling and skin ulcers.
Arterial insufficiency: a condition in which there is reduced blood flow to the legs and feet, leading to skin ulcers.
Diabetic foot ulcers: skin ulcers that occur in people with diabetes, often due to peripheral neuropathy and poor circulation.
Pressure ulcers: skin ulcers that occur when there is constant pressure on a specific area of skin, such as from a bed or wheelchair.
Infections: skin ulcers can be caused by bacterial, fungal, or viral infections.
Treatment for skin ulcers depends on the underlying cause, but may include:
Wound care: cleaning the wound and keeping it moist to promote healing.
Compression therapy: using bandages or stockings to reduce swelling and improve blood flow.
Antibiotics: to treat infections.
Debridement: removing dead tissue from the wound to promote healing.
Pain management: to control pain associated with the ulcer.
It’s important to see a doctor for proper diagnosis and treatment of skin ulcers, as some can lead to serious complications if left untreated.