Medical Subject Headings (MeSH): Long-Term Care
Long-term care (LTC) is a range of services and supports for people who have a chronic illness or disability that affects their ability to perform activities of daily living (ADLs) such as bathing, dressing, and eating. It is intended to help individuals maintain their independence and quality of life for as long as possible. Long-term care is provided in various settings, including in-home care, assisted living facilities, and nursing homes.
In-home care services provide assistance with ADLs and other activities such as light housekeeping, meal preparation, and transportation. This type of care allows individuals to receive care in the comfort of their own home, but it can be expensive and may not provide the level of care required for some individuals.
Assisted living facilities and nursing homes provide a higher level of care, including round-the-clock supervision and medical assistance. Assisted living facilities are designed for older adults who are able to live independently but need some assistance with daily activities, while nursing homes provide 24-hour medical supervision and skilled nursing care for individuals with more complex medical needs.
Long-term care can be expensive, and it may not be fully covered by health insurance. Many older adults rely on Medicaid, a government-funded program, to help cover the cost of long-term care.