Medical Subject Headings (MeSH): Geriatric Assessment
Geriatric assessment is a comprehensive evaluation of an older adult’s physical, mental, and social functioning. It is designed to identify any problems or needs that may impact the individual’s ability to live independently and to develop a plan to address those problems or needs. Geriatric assessments are typically performed by healthcare providers, such as geriatricians or primary care doctors, and may involve input from other healthcare professionals and family members.
The goals of a geriatric assessment may include:
Identifying any physical, mental, or social problems or needs that may impact the individual’s ability to live independently
Developing a plan to address identified problems or needs
Providing recommendations for treatments or interventions that may improve the individual’s health and well-being
Identifying any potential safety risks, such as falls or medication management issues, and developing strategies to mitigate those risks
Providing information and support to the individual and their family
Geriatric assessments may involve a wide range of evaluation tools and techniques, including:
Physical examination: A physical examination is typically performed to assess the individual’s overall physical health and identify any issues or problems that may need to be addressed.
Cognitive testing: Cognitive testing is used to assess the individual’s mental functioning, including their memory, attention, and problem-solving abilities.
Functional assessment: A functional assessment is used to evaluate the individual’s ability to perform activities of daily living, such as bathing, dressing, and managing medications.
Social assessment: A social assessment is used to evaluate the individual’s social support network and to identify any social or emotional issues that may need to be addressed.
Overall, geriatric assessment is an important process that helps to identify the needs and problems of older adults and to develop strategies to address those needs and problems. It is a key part of providing high-quality care to older adults and supporting their ability to live independently.