Medical Subject Headings (MeSH): Decision Support Systems, Clinical
Decision support systems (DSS) are computer-based systems that provide healthcare providers with the necessary information and tools to make informed clinical decisions. DSS can be used to improve the quality of care, reduce medical errors, and increase patient safety.
There are several types of DSS, including:
Clinical decision support systems (CDSS): These systems provide healthcare providers with patient-specific information and recommendations at the point of care. CDSS can be used to improve diagnostic accuracy, alert providers to potential drug interactions, and help with treatment planning.
Computerized physician order entry (CPOE) systems: These systems allow healthcare providers to enter and track patient orders, such as lab tests and medications, electronically. CPOE systems can help to reduce errors and improve the efficiency of care.
Electronic health records (EHRs): EHRs provide a centralized, digital repository of patient information that can be accessed by authorized healthcare providers. EHRs can be used to improve the continuity of care and to reduce the risk of errors.
Telemedicine: Telemedicine allows healthcare providers to remotely diagnose and treat patients, using technology such as videoconferencing and remote monitoring.
DSS can be used to improve the quality of care, reduce medical errors, and increase patient safety, but it is important to implement them in a way that is user-friendly and that considers the workflow of the healthcare providers. Additionally, it is important to ensure that the systems used are secure and that they comply with the regulations and standards that protect patient privacy and data security.