Medical Subject Headings (MeSH): Bone Diseases
Bone diseases are conditions that affect the structure and strength of the bones. Some common bone diseases include:
Osteoporosis: This is a condition in which the bones become brittle and fragile, increasing the risk of fractures. It is often associated with aging, but can also be caused by other factors such as hormonal imbalances or the use of certain medications.
Osteomalacia: This is a condition in which the bones become weak and brittle due to a deficiency of vitamin D or calcium. It is often seen in adults who have inadequate vitamin D intake or absorption.
Osteoarthritis: This is a degenerative joint disease that causes the cartilage in the joints to break down, leading to pain, stiffness, and difficulty moving.
Rheumatoid arthritis: This is an autoimmune disorder that causes inflammation in the joints, leading to pain, stiffness, and joint damage.
Paget’s disease: This is a condition in which the bone tissue becomes abnormal, leading to weak, brittle bones and an increased risk of fractures.
Treatment for bone diseases often involves medications, lifestyle changes, and in some cases, surgery. It is important to consult with a healthcare professional to determine the most appropriate treatment for a particular bone disease.